Words: 63, Published: July 31, by Foremost Press. Two powerful alien forces, the sadistic half-human Brotherhood and the savage Hivers, are determined to destroy all human life on Earth. All that stands between them and the achievement of their goal are the old Earth team and their Raider allies.
Enemy actions force the Earth team to deploy on an emergency reconnaissance mission. When all is lost, and only one option remains, they seize it. Vector by Stephen J. Schrader Series: Vector and Virus , Book 1. Words: 66, A crack team of explorers find themselves stark naked, in the dark, and totally clueless, buried deep beneath an Earth shattered by war, devastated by disease, and ravaged by alien monsters.
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Words: 45, Published: April 30, by Foremost Press. Author, Tanker, Soldier The life and career of a Spy for the U. The author describes a life where the rewards to be earned are as astounding as the price to be paid is devastating.
This autobiography reflects the changing world and the United States in the closing decades of the Twentieth Century. Words: 44, Published: December 7, by Foremost Press.
We use this information to create a better experience for all users. Please review the types of cookies we use below. These cookies allow you to explore OverDrive services and use our core features. Without these cookies, we can't provide services to you. This gives Assyria, Media , Persia and Macedonia as the imperial powers.
The fifth empire became identified with the Romans. After the 17th century, the concept of a fifth monarchy was re-introduced from Christian millennarian ideas. An interpretation that became orthodox [ citation needed ] after Swain  sees the "four kingdoms" theory becoming the property of Greek and Roman writers at the beginning of the 1st century BCE, as an import from Asia Minor. They built on a three-kingdom sequence, already mentioned by Herodotus c.
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Jewish Reconstructionists and Full Preterists believe that Daniel is completely fulfilled, and that the believers are now working to establish the Kingdom of God on earth. The following interpretation represents a traditional view of Jewish and Christian Historicists , Futurists , Dispensationalists , Partial Preterists , and other futuristic Jewish and Christian hybrids, as well as certain Messianic Jews , who typically identify the kingdoms in Daniel with variations as:.
The Church Fathers interpreted the beast in Revelation 13 as the empire of Rome. Full Preterists , Idealists , certain Reconstructionists and other non-futurists likewise typically believe in the same general sequence, but teach that Daniel's prophecies ended with the destruction of the Second Temple of Jerusalem , and have few to no implications beyond that. Jewish and Christian Futurists , Dispensationalists , and, to some degree, Partial Preterists believe that the prophecies of Daniel stopped with the destruction of the Second Temple of Jerusalem; but will resume at some point in the future after a gap in prophecy that accounts for the Church Age.
The traditional interpretation of the four kingdoms, shared among Jewish and Christian expositors for over two millennia, identifies the kingdoms as the empires of Babylon , Medo-Persia , Greece and Rome. This view conforms to the text of Daniel, which considers the Medo-Persian Empire as one, as with the "law of the Medes and Persians".
Jerome specifically identified the four kingdoms of Daniel 2 in this way. The alternative view which sees the sequence ending with Greece and the Diadochi , thus excluding Rome, is not without historical precedent however. The pagan critic of Christianity, Porphyry , suggested a variation of this interpretation in the third century CE. In the following centuries, several Eastern Christians espoused this view, including Ephrem the Syrian , Polychronius, and Cosmas Indicopleustes. During the Medieval ages the orthodox Christian interpretation followed the commentary by Jerome on the Book of Daniel.
This is the case for example in the tenth-century writer Adso , whose Libellus de Antichristo incorporated the characteristic medieval myth of the Last Roman Emperor. A series of Protestant theologians, such as Jerome Zanchius — , Joseph Mede — , and John Lightfoot — , particularly emphasized the eschatological theory of four monarchies.
Developments of his Protestant world chronology were endorsed in an influential preface of Philipp Melanchthon published The theory was topical in the s. Johann Sleidan in his De quatuor imperiis summis tried to summarise the status of the "four monarchies" as historical theory; he had already alluded to it in previous works. Sleidan's influential slant on the theory was both theological, with a Protestant tone of apocalyptic decline over time, and an appeal to German nationalist feeling in terms of translatio imperii.
It cast doubts on the Holy Roman Emperor's universal imperium by pointing out that the historical 'monarchies' in question had in no case held exclusive sway. The Catholic Jean Bodin was concerned to argue against the whole theory of 'four monarchies' as a historical paradigm. He devoted a chapter to refuting it, alongside the classical scheme of a Golden Age , in his Methodus ad facilem historiarum cognitionem. In the conditions leading to the English Civil War of and in the disruption that followed, many Englishmen advanced millennarian ideas, believing they were living in the "end of days".
After the failure of this uprising, Fifth Monarchists became a quiescent and devotional part of religious dissent. The Seventh-day Adventist Church shares the traditional view that the four kingdoms of Daniel, as paralleled in chapters 2 and 7, correspond to the Neo-Babylonian Empire , the Achaemenid Empire , the Macedonian Empire and the Roman Empire.
Furthermore, they hold the view that the ram and goat correspond to the Achaemenid Empire, and the Macedonian Empire. They also hold to the traditional view that the "little horn" in Daniel 7 :8 refers to the Papacy ; the reference to changing "times and law" Daniel refers to the change of the Christian sabbath from Saturday to Sunday, and the attack on the sanctuary Daniel to the mediatorial ministry of Roman Catholic priests.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Castilian state, see Four Kingdoms of Andalusia. See also: Historicism Christianity. Main article: Fifth Monarchists.